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Table 1 A comparison of baseline socioeconomic and clinical characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants

From: Aboriginal status is a prognostic factor for mortality among antiretroviral naïve HIV-positive individuals first initiating HAART

Variable Aboriginal Not Aboriginal P-value
  (n = 88) (n = 534)  
Year of initiation of therapy, no. (%)    
   1996 8 (9) 79 (15) 0.0588
   1997 32 (36) 225 (42)  
   1998 21 (24) 129 (24)  
   1999 27 (31) 101 (19)  
Gender, no. (%)    
   Female 13 (15) 49 (9) 0.1044
   Male 75 (85) 485 (91)  
Age    
   Median 37 38 0.9669
   Interquartile range 33 – 45 33 – 44  
AIDS diagnosis, no. (%)    
   Yes 8 (9) 99 (19) 0.0296
   No 80 (91) 435 (81)  
Protease inhibitor use    
   Yes 59 (67) 418 (78) 0.0209
   No 29 (33) 116 (22)  
Baseline CD4 cell count (cells/mm3)    
   Median 275 260 0.6551
   Interquartile range 150 – 425 110 – 410  
Baseline plasma HIV viral load (copies/ml)    
   Median 89,350 140,000 < 0.001
   Interquartile range 21, 750 – 185,000 45,000 – 340, 000  
Adherence (<95%), no. (%)    
   Yes 58 (66) 381 (71) 0.2995
   No 30 (34) 153 (29)  
HIV physician experience    
   Median 29 60 0.0133
   Interquartile range 3 – 116 6 – 166  
History of IDU, no. (%)    
   Yes 52 (59) 161 (30) < 0.001
   No 36 (41) 373 (70)  
Completed high-school, no. (%)    
   Yes 38 (43) 298 (56) 0.0046
   No 43 (49) 171 (32)  
   Missing 7 (8) 65 (12)  
Income, no. (%)    
   < $10,000 49 (58) 211 (43) 0.0115
   >= $10,000 36 (42) 281 (57)  
   Missing 3 (3) 42 (8)